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Human survival depends on a continuing energy supply, but the need for ever-increasing amounts of energy poses a dilemma: How can we provide the benefits of energy to the population of the globe without damaging the environment, negatively affecting social stability, or threatening the well-being of future generations? The solution will lie in finding sustainable energy sources and more efficient means of converting and utilizing energy. This textbook is designed for advanced undergraduate and graduate students as well as others who have an interest in exploring energy resource options and technologies with a view toward achieving sustainability. It clearly presents the trade-offs and uncertainties inherent in evaluating and choosing different energy options and provides a framework for assessing policy solutions. "Sustainable Energy" includes illustrative examples, problems, references for further reading, and links to relevant Web sites. Outside the classroom, the book is a resource for government, industry, and nonprofit organizations. The first six chapters provide the tools for making informed energy choices. They examine the broader aspects of energy use, including resource estimation, environmental effects, and economic evaluations. Chapters 7-15 review the main energy sources of today and tomorrow, including fossil fuels, nuclear power, biomass, geothermal energy, hydropower, wind energy, and solar energy, examining their technologies, environmental impacts, and economics. The remaining chapters treat energy storage, transmission, and distribution; the electric power sector; transportation; industrial energy usage; commercial and residential buildings; and synergistic complex systems. "Sustainable Energy" addresses the challenges of integrating diverse factors and the importance for future generations of the energy choices we make today.
Wind and Water describes conventional hydropower, or wind power, and some of the newer technologies (with less certain futures) that are being introduced to harness the power of ocean currents, ocean waves, and the temperature difference between the upper and lower layers of the ocean. The strengths and limitations of each technology are discussed as well as mathematical models that describe the maximum amount of energy that can be harnessed by such devices. This comprehensive new volume also examines how these power producers benefit from government support and the economics of operating these types of generating stations. An interview with Dr. Stan Bull, former associate director for science and technology at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory, is included in which he shares his views about how scientific research is and should be managed, nurtured, and evaluated.
Wind energy is a reliable, natural and renewable electrical power supply. The high installed capacity of today's wind turbines and decreasing plant costs have shown that wind power can be competitive with conventional, more heavily polluting, fuels in the long term. Focusing on the electrical engineering aspects of wind energy, this completely revised edition provides a detailed treatment of electrical and mechanical components and their interdependency, power control and supervision in wind power plants, and the grid integration facility. The book incorporates all the recent technical developments in electrical power conversion systems and essential operating conditions. Provides guidelines for the design, construction and installation of wind power plants Presents the history of wind technology, wind resources and economics of wind energy generation Introduces operating results and cost considerations Describes the fundamental characteristics and theoretical tools of electrical and mechanical components Discusses conventional and new types of generators, converters and power electronics Offers a comprehensive treatment of grid integration including the effect of power fluctuations on harmonics Focuses on improved use of grid capacities and grid support for fixed-and variable-speed controlled wind power plants Outlines power conditioning and control systems to ensure the safe operation of plants Fully revised and updated, this new edition will continue to be the definitive resource for researchers and practitioners involved in the planning, installation and grid integration of wind turbines and power plants. The thorough approach will also prove highly beneficial to university students and practitioners in wind engineering, turbine design and manufacture and electrical power engineering.
Harness the wind to generate clean, safe, and reliable energy "Build Your Own Small Wind Power System" focuses on the untapped potential for small wind power closer to home. This hands-on guide shows you how to install a grid-connected, residential-scale, wind power system. You'll get step-by-step details on the "how to" basics of getting your own systems up and running, including how to evaluate your site for wind power potential, getting permits, and financing it. You'll also find out how to help promote more wind-friendly public policies, from local permitting and zoning to working with local utilities. The book serves as a valuable toolbox to help you get things done and make a difference. The final chapters analyze the breakthroughs in wind technology that are just around the corner, as well as provide a list of resources. "Build Your Own Small Wind Power System" Lays out the basic science of wind energy Discusses the technical aspects of small wind, including demonstrating how to evaluate a site, how to get permits, the major components of the system, and exactly how to set it up and connect it Shows you how to overcome zoning hurdles, take advantage of available tax credits and governmental incentives, and work with your existing utilities to get the most out of your wind system Offers a global perspective, with sources and cases from around the world Covers all the technical aspects of wind power--including height, lot size, aesthetics, sound, property values, insurance, installation, and potential of structural/electrical failure Filled with practical details: Wind Power Basics; Why Wind Power is Soaring; Intro to Wind Science; Nuts and Blades; Install Your Own Small Wind Power; How to Evaluate Your Site for Wind; How to Get the Permits to Install Small Wind Power; Financing Small Wind Power; Let's Build One; How to Connect Your System; Make Your Community Small Wind Power Friendly; Overcoming Zoning Hurdles; Working with Your Utility; Tapping into Green Power Markets; What's Around the Corner; The Future of Wind Power; Resources